Policy Analysis Outline

 NOTE: The congress will be in the 115th Congress. There will be a new administration and a Republican controlled House, Senate, and Presidency. The Republican plan to repeal and replace the Affordable Care Act (aka Obama Care). Therefore, this term, students will be looking at the Affordable Health Care Act and monitoring any proposed changes to this Act. This Act was fully implemented in 2015. There are a number of reports coming out about the accomplishments of the Affordable Health Care Act. The major part of the legislation was implemented in 2013 and 2014 — the exchange and Medicaid expansion. In addition, we will follow the movement toward a Public Option, which was missing from the Affordable Health care Act and which would prove to be a significant addition to the Affordable Health Care Act. The following is the analysis format that we will use for this major assignment. I. Definition and Overview of the Policy Under Analysis A. What is the policy to be analyzed? B. What is the nature of the problem being targeted by the policy? 1. How is the problem defined? 2. For whom is it a problem? C. What is the control of the policy being analyzed (i.e. how does this specific policy fit with other policies seeking to manage a social problem? D. Choice Analysis ( i.e. what design of the programs created by a policy and what are alternatives to this design?) 1. What are the bases to social allocations? 2. What are the types of social provision? 3. What are the strategies for delivery of benefits? 4. What are the methods of financing these provisions? II. Historical Analysis A. What policies and programs were developed earlier to help with program? In other words, how was this program been dealt with in the past? B. How has the specific policy/program under analysis developed over time? 1. What people, or groups of people, initiated and/ or promoted the policy? 2. What people, or groups, opposed the policy? C. What does history tell us about effective/ineffective approaches to the problem being addressed? D. To what extend does the current policy/program incorporate the lesson on history? E. Are we repeating mistakes from the pas and if so why? III. Social Analysis. A. Problem Description 1. Completeness of knowledge related to the problem 2. Are our efforts to deal with the problem in accord with research findings? 3. Population affected by the problem, a. Size b. Definition characteristics c. Distribution B. What are major social values related to the problem and what value conflicts exist? C. What are the goals of the policy under analysis? 1. Manifest (stated) goals 2. Latent (understand) goals 3. Degree of consensus regarding goals D. What are the goals hypotheses implicit or explicit in the statement of the problem and goals/? IV. Economic Analysis A. What are the effects and/ or potential effects of the policy on the functioning of the economy as a whole-output, income, inflation, unemployment, and so forth? (Macroeconomic analysis) B. What is the effect and/ or potential effect of the policy on the behavior of individuals, films, and markets-motivation to work, cost and rent, supply of commodities, etc.? (Microeconomic analysis) C. Opportunity Cost, Cost/Benefit Analysis V. Political Analysis A. Who are the major stakeholders regarding this particular policy/program 1. What is the power base of the policy/program’s supporters? 2. What is the power base of the policy/program’s opportunity? 3. How well are the policy/program’s intended beneficiaries represented in the ongoing development and implementation of this policy/program? B. How has the policy/program been legitimized? Is this basis for legitimation still current? C. To what extend is this policy/program an example of national decision-making, incremental change brought about by conflict? D. What are the political aspects of the implementation of the policy/program? VI. Social and Economic Justice A. Upon reviewing the NASW Code of Ethics pertaining to social and economic justice for oppressed and at-risk population, discuss what social and economic justice is accomplished through this policy? B. What are the gaps? VII. Policy/Program Evaluation A. What are the outcomes of the policy/program in relation to the stated goal? B. What are the unintended consequences of the policy/program? C. Is the policy/program cost effective? VIII. Current Proposal for Policy Reform IX. What a proposed Policy that identifies the Gaps in the Policy under Review Required Text: Chambers, D. E. & Bonk, J. F. (2013)/ Social policy and social programs: A Method for the practical public policy analyst. Boston, MA: Pearson
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